Basketball

Basketball is mostly in the hall operated ball sport in which two teams try to play ball in the two mounted at a height of 3.05 meters on the opposite narrow sides of the playing field baskets to throw. A team consists of five field players and up to seven substitutes. Each hit in the basket out of the game counts depending on the distance two or three points. Met a free throw is worth one point. The winner is the team with the higher score.

Basketball was in 1891 by the Canadian coach James Naismith invented the sport hall. Since 1936, the sport’s Olympic . Today, the sport of basketball has worldwide, especially in the United States , a high priority. Every four years in a country in each other instead of a Basketball World Championship of the World Basketball Association Fédération Internationale de Basketball is organized. According to the International Basketball Federation FIBA about 450 million people worldwide play basketball.

History
The invention of basketball
100 years basketball: German stamp from 1991

Basketball is one of the few sports that were invented by a single person. The Canadian physician and teacher James Naismith developed the game ball in 1891 in Springfield (Massachusetts) as a sports hall for its students. James Naismith had realized that the battle emphasized this creates awareness in other ball sports that the whole game action takes place in the same plane (as for example in American Football ). He sought a less combative sport with a low risk of injury to distract the 18 students in the class in the winter. So he moved the baskets (English baskets) in a different level than the players. The caretaker pop Stabbins then attached peach baskets to the 10-foot high balcony (gallery) the YMCA Training School in Springfield. The then more randomly determined suspension height corresponds to 3.05 meters and is valid internationally today.

To prevent that viewers can influence from the gallery basket throws, a board was mounted behind the basket. The school secretary Lyons Naismith helped in the creation of the 13 principles that have remained almost unchanged. The first official basketball game was held on 20 January 1892 in Springfield instead. Within the two halves of play, with a half-time break of five minutes usually only one goal was scored. Despite this low success rate is developed by James Naismith ball game prevailed in the United States.

The following year, women’s basketball was at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts introduced. Senda Berenson Abbott has the women’s basketball very much influenced at this time by changing developed by James Naismith basic rules and the women conformed. [2] On 22 . March 1893 was held the first women’s basketball game at Smith College. Senda Berenson subsequently published a magazine specializing in women’s basketball.
College Basketball
Kent Benson, basketball player for the Indiana University at Bloomington Hookshot (English hook shot)

Soon after the invention of basketball in 1891, the sport was able to colleges and universities to enforce in the United States. The first basketball game between two college teams took place on 8 April 1893 in Beaver Falls in Pennsylvania instead. The Geneva College won that day against the New Brighton YMCA. [3] The first basketball games were first held with seven or nine players per team. On 18 In January 1896 the first game with the current system of only five players in place Iowa City instead, the University of Chicago won the game 15-12 points against the University of Iowa .

In the next few years of college basketball has become increasingly popular in the United States. The most recognized universities (such as the Columbia University ) and colleges had sponsored and supported their teams. Due to the numerous college teams of voluntary association “was in 1906 National Collegiate Athletic Association “(kurz. NCAA) founded in Chicago. The first NCAA national championship of men was in front of 5500 people in 1939 in Evanston (Illinois) discharged. The University of Oregon has the opposing team the Ohio State University with a 46:33 defeat in the final.

Also, the women’s basketball has evolved at colleges and universities. In 1926, having Amateur Athletic Union organized the first women’s basketball championship. Since then find annual NAIA championships instead of women. In the 1930s, more and more basketball tournaments were held between women and men. Here, however, prescribed for the men’s basketball rules were always used.

The college basketball has lost in the years 1948-1951 in credibility and popularity. This was mainly due to the numerous scandals manipulation (so-called match fixing), were involved in the professional teams.
Origin of the first teams
The Buffalo Germans, winner of the Pan American Championships in 1903

In the following years, was first panel with balls that resembled today’s volleyballs played. Since that time was still the rule that a landed out of bounds ball comes into possession of that team that reached him first, the players jumped often without regard to the spectators in the stands. So the ball could not even get off, we went over to the basketball court fence with a cage of chicken wire. This “basketball cages” gave the sport its nickname “cage game” (Eng. cage match). How uncomfortable was playing in the cages, described Barney Sedran , a player of the New York Whirlwinds : “Most of us had ever cuts, and the court was covered with blood.” [4]

At the beginning of the 20th Century, were two famous teams, the later into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame were taken. The Buffalo Germans were among the strongest teams at the YMCA. In 1904, the Germans have in the III. Olympic Games in St. Louis demonstrated because basketball is not officially the IOC recognized. In addition to the Germans who were original Celtics one of the most influential teams. In the 1920s, the Germans and the Celtics were replaced by other teams like the New York Renaissance or the Cleveland Rosenblum. In 1925, the American Basketball League (abbreviated ABL) is introduced, which changed the game of basketball in some areas. The chicken or metal wire was abolished and replaced by ropes. Furthermore, the backboard (English back-board) was officially introduced behind the baskets.
The emergence of the NBA

On 6 May of 1946 Basketball Association of America (BAA kurz.) was founded. Walter Brown, the then president of the Boston Bruins, and Edward Gottlieb among the founding members of this league. The Philadelphia Warriors (later Golden State Warriors ) won the first finals series the league with 4-1 victories against the Chicago Stags. In 1949, this league was in ” National Basketball Association “(short NBA) renamed. The most famous player of the 1940s were Bob Davies and George Mikan .

The American entrepreneur Fred Zollner has as owner of the Fort Wayne Pistons (later Detroit Pistons ) introduced many changes in the basketball area. Since 1952, his team was transported by a team plane to the basketball games. He helped the BAA and the NBA financially and was in major rule changes (eg shot clock involved). On 1 October 1999 he was admitted as a promoter in the Basketball Hall of Fame.
Basketball today

A major advance in global perception of basketball made ​​in 1992, when at the Olympic Games in Barcelona for the first time professionals were admitted and the American National Team (also called ” dream team called “) started its legendary triumph. In subsequent years, the presence of basketball in the media more and more intensified. Well-known basketball players like Michael Jordan represented the sport known in an advertisement or on the covers of various magazines.

The sport of basketball has spread to many countries of the world. Most European countries have their own basketball league and more and more training camps take place in many countries that will teach players the basic principle of the normal and the style of play. In addition to the championships and games, there are also numerous events (eg, the “And1 Mixtape” tour) that are sponsored by companies and for your amusement.
International Basketball

At the beginning of the 20th Century has been featured in various countries of the world basketball. In 1893 was the first game held in Paris on French soil. In 1902 the rules were written by James Naismith translated into German for the first time. Four years later, basketball was introduced in Italy. In 1913, the ball game was in Puerto Rico received and celebrated friendly. In the following years, basketball has been presented in many other countries (including 1916 in Bulgaria and 1917 in Albania and in Greece ).

In 1923, the first national championship of men took place in the Soviet Union. By the end of the 1920s basketball enjoyed an increasing popularity. In 1930 took place from 6 to 14 December, the first continental championship held the men in South America, in which Uruguay against Argentina was able to prevail. The first step for the international acceptance of this sport was laid in 1930, when the International Olympic Committee (abbreviated IOC) Olympic basketball recorded as a sport. 1932 established eight national associations in Geneva, the Basket-ball Association World FIBB founded in Geneva, from 1935 to 1986 Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur [FIBA] (see associations and leagues). The International Basketball Federation controls the international championships and the Olympic tournament and defines the international rules. In 1958, a FIBA ​​European Cup of Champions (men) and 1959 national champion (women).
List of gaps: This article or section the following important information is missing talk: Basketball / Germany Archive # 22 Feb., 2011.
You can help Wikipedia by playing them recherchierst and copying , but please do not copy foreign texts in this article.

From 1932 held in Germany Basketball collection, first by Hugo Murero at the Army Sports School Wunsdorf, then in Wroclaw and Gera, and from 1933 in Bad Kreuznach by Hermann Niebuhr . He had learned as a teacher at the German School in Istanbul basketball. [5] He founded in 1935 the first basketball department of the “Vfl 1848 Bad Kreuznach”. Also in 1935 involved a German high school basketball tournament selection on the Academic World Games in Budapest. In 1936, Germany at the last minute at the first Olympic basketball tournament in Berlin in part, and all three games were lost. 1939 was the first German championship of men held in Hamburg. Won the title of Air Force Sports Club (LSV) Spandau. Germany denied 1936-1942 19 international matches, 4 matches were won.

Basketball was under the Third Reich to the person Office 4 Handball / Basketball of the Germans, later renamed the National Socialist German Reich for Physical Exercise. After the end of World War II first basketball games were held in the fall of 1945. After two predecessor organizations were the first The October 1949 “in Dusseldorf German Basketball Federation “(DBB) was founded as an independent organization in the Federal Republic. This national association has been responsible for hosting the German basketball championship. In the GDR was the first basketball section, from 1958 the German Basketball Federation. 1953 posted both organizations an all-German team of the Men’s European Championships in Moscow. With the founding of the National Basketball League (BBL briefly) in 1966, a professional basketball league in Germany was first introduced. Germany won 1993 71:70 Russia against the European Championships in Munich.

Basketball was in 1936 at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin officially played. The game was divided into two halves of 20 minutes each game and the tennis courts of the Reich Sports Field practiced. In the final, the U.S. national team prevailed with 19:8 against Canada. In 1950, the first official “found Basketball World Championship for Men “in Buenos Aires , Argentina instead. The Argentine basketball team won against the U.S. in the final.

Three years later, took place in Santiago de Chile , the first official ” World Basketball Championship for women “instead. Here, the team from the United States could claim against the hosts. Since 1976 (Montreal) and the women’s basketball team play for Olympic medals.

The sport of basketball has today in many European countries (eg Spain , the Baltic States, the Balkans and Greece ) and South American countries (such as Brazil or Argentina ) a high priority. In the basketball world championship in 2006 in Japan, the men, the Spanish basketball team won 70:47 against the team from Greece. At the previous World Basketball Championship countries were like Serbia and Croatia , Yugoslavia or in women and men Russia or the Soviet Union successfully.
Equipment
Match Ball
→ Main article: Basketball (sports equipment)
Basketball, Size 7

The ball game has been developed and improved over the last hundred years. In the first two years of basketball was played with balls panel. This panel balls were comparable with current volleyballs. From 1894 to the 1940s laced basketballs were used at competitions and games. In this case, which was already visible “typical” form of lines of basketball.

The current basketball is made of synthetic material or leather and nylon threads.

In competitions for men the official game ball has a circumference 749-780 mm (size 7) and weighs 567-650 grams

Since 2006, the Molten GL7 is used as a pawn in the World Basketball Championship for Men.

In the German women’s basketball leagues will be played since the 2004/05 season with a ball that has a circumference 724-737 mm (size 6) and 510-567 grams.
Clothing

In the first half of the 20th Century, players wore jerseys and wool dress pants. It was also wearing knee, elbow and shin pads during the game required. This was mainly due to the hard style of play and the poor condition of the arenas. By the sexual revolution in the 1960s, the clothing of the players has changed considerably. The jerseys were comfortable and free and the dress pants were replaced by comfortable and short shorts.

Also the basketball shoes have changed since then. First, the players wore leather shoes impractical. In the 1980s, the first stars of sports goods manufacturers were like Nike , Adidas , Puma or Converse contracted.
Gameplay
Dimensions of the board

The aim of the game is the game ball dribbling (the ball touch the ground) or by passing game to move into the opponent’s court and there to throw into the opponent’s basket. The basketball must fall from above into the basket hanging at a height of 3.05 meters. Here, the ball can be played on the board. A successful shot for, layup or dunk is considered in the normal case with two points. A litter basket from beyond the three-point line counts three points, one point, a free throw. The winner of the competition is the team that has scored at the end of the season more points than the opponent. Case of a tie for an extension of five minutes played. This is repeated until a winner is determined.
Field
Basketball court since 2010

Basketball games are always played on a rectangular field with a hard surface. For the main official competitions of FIBA , the dimensions of the playing field must be 28 meters by 15 meters. It is divided by various circles, lines, and areas that have a specific function. Here are the main ones:

(Called “baseline”), the hinged side lines and end lines limit the playing field. If the ball touches one of these lines or the area outside of the lines, he’s out. The same applies if the player holding the ball or only touches the line or the area outside touched with any part of the body.
The median (center line) divides the court into two equal halves. If the team has possession of the ball in the attacking half of the so-called “advance” brought in their attack, the center line is treated as an out line (see “return”).
To the center of the centerline having a radius of 1.80 meters, the fluid circuit shown, which is used at the beginning of a game ball to the execution of the branch.
Among the baskets is a rectangle, called the “zone”, located. The zone is important, particularly for that attacking player is not allowed to be present continuously for more than 3 seconds.
At this rectangle followed by a semi-circle, which is important with his line to the zone, the so-called “free-throw line,” for the execution of free throws.
The so-called “three point line” which is a large semi-circle (radius from the basket: 6.75 m) forms with flattened sides outside of the zone indicates the distance from which a successful union is evaluated on the basket with three points.
The no-Charging semicircle under the basket selected a range, shoving in the foul category / put (Charging) can not be punished by an attacking player.

Teams

On the field, two teams play each with five field players. The initial formation of a team is also called Starting Five (German: Launching First Five Five or shorter), respectively. This need not always be the five most powerful and best players of the teams. However, it is considered essential to have a strong and balanced front bench. Often veterans bench player or role players in critical situations for the necessary – to provide impetus in the game – and needed at this moment. This can, for example, by three-point throws, fast game, ball control, defense special tasks or simply a strong rebound presence are reached. Players can be changed often unlimited. A change is possible during any stoppage of play.
Positions
Job titles in basketball
Guards Basketball half-court 1 Point Guard Combo Guard (PG / SG)
2 Shooting Guard Swingman (SG / SF)
Forwards 3 Small Forward Point Forward (SF / PG, PF / PG)
4 Power Forward Combo Forward (PF / SF)
Center 5 Center Center Forward (PF / C)
see also: Starting Five | Sixth Man | Tweener | Backcourt | frontcourt

In the history of basketball players (forwards) and “defenders” were “attacker” divided (Guards). With the rising popularity of the sport and the introduction of new rules specific task areas have developed for the five players.

The starting lineup of five active field players usually consists of a large physical actor, the center , two forwards and two guards . But there are also several other variations are possible, such as the use of three guards (the so-called “small ball”, because Guards are usually the smaller players), how often of the Detroit Pistons under Chuck Daly practicing or playing with two centers as the Houston Rockets did in the mid 1980s and the San Antonio Spurs still do. However, the German basketball, it happens frequently that one modifies this system something, it is usually with two centers, two wings players (forwards) and a point guard (guard) played.

The Center is the largest and most physically strongest players on a team. He acted mostly in the zone and have to get as many rebounds. The Guards (point guard) are divided into “shooting guard” and “point guard”. The shooting guard is specialized in distance throws (three-point shot), while the point guard as a playmaker (Playmaker) (see terms ) on the clearance of his team decides.

The forwards (wingers) are divided into two positions: “small forward” and “power forward”. Here is the biggest difference between the two positions in the size of the player. Both forwards are attacking players who act as the center of the zone and try to score as many hits in the attack area.

The positions are numbered from smallest to largest player players from # 1 (point guard) to # 5 (center).
Referees

A game is basically controlled by two referees. In the NBA , the NCAA and many “higher” national and international leagues and competitions but three referees are used. All arbitrators shall have equal rights and have different areas of observation and responsibilities that will permanently change. Decisive here is the position of the ball on the field. In the two-referee technique is a front Impartial referee. His position is behind the base line of the defending team. His colleague takes the following as a referee position behind the attack about three meters away from the ball, where he has to remain in the area of the left foul line to about the middle of the field.

Besides the referees there is a court martial on so-called scoring table. Here sit timekeeper (every time the whistle is stopped), 24-second timer (you only have 24 seconds for an attack) and scorer (logs all points and fouls).
Timing

A basketball game is composed of regular neighborhoods. In the associations belonging to the FIBA, each quarter has a duration of ten minutes. In the NBA played per quarter to twelve minutes. It is tied at the end of the fourth quarter, there are extensions of five minutes (engl. overtime) until one team is established as the winner. Originally played two halves, each twenty minutes. The new timing is a transfer from the NBA , played for some time in the four quarters. An exception is the American College League of NCAA , when still two periods are played. Unlike, for example, in football, only the pure play time to count the time will be interruptions of the game when the referee stops the game (such as fouls or Ausbällen). The actual duration of a game is usually 80 to 100 minutes. After each quarter, and each renewal there is a pause of two minutes, the half-time break after the second quarter lasts fifteen minutes (FIBA).
Punktgebung

For a successful throw in the normal case, two points are calculated. A throw in which the throwing player behind the so-called three-point line is, brings his team three points. The three-point line is 6.75 meters (since 2010/11) from the center of the basket (NBA: 7.24 m).

When a foul during a test shot for the fouled player gets the same number of free throws as points would have been possible with a successful throw. The free throw is done from the free throw line (English free-throw line), which runs in parallel to the end line 5.80 meters. A successful free throw is worth one more point. If a player is fouled immediately during a throw attempt and the attempt is successful in spite of the foul, these points are regularly counted and the player will also receive a bonus free throw. Thus he has the opportunity to obtain 3 (or 4) points.
Rules

The rules described in the following section refer to the official FIBA ​​rules. Rules differences to other leagues such as the NBA or the NCAA will not be considered here or it is explicitly pointed to this fact (see also differences in the rules between FIBA and other leagues )
jump ball
Jump ball between Marlies Askamp ( Oberhausen ) and Yvonne Weber ( Marburg )

According to FIBA ​​rules, each game begins with a jump ball in order to determine the first possession. The first of the referee tosses the game ball in the center circle between two opposing players in the level, the player then try zuzuspielen the falling ball to a teammate. In subsequent quarters possession changes and appears with a direction arrow on the judges.

In the NBA the jump ball is also used in other game situations, for example after a double foul with free throws, generally if the possession is unclear. The jump ball is then not in the center circle, but in the circuit (see Field ), which is the last game situation at the next run.
Fouls

Main article: Foul (basketball)

A distinction between personal, technical, unsportsmanlike (formerly intentional) and disqualifying foul. Technical fouls are technical errors, administrative offenses and discipline of players and coaches. Offenses of this kind are for example:

Complain
too many players on the field
Depend on the ring
Disrupt the enemy through gestures and facial expressions (such as clapping or shouting during the throwing experiment)
violent swing with the elbow, even if no contact is made ​​[6]

Unsportsmanlike foul shall be imposed if the contact is very hard, or the player has no chance to play the ball and contact occurs (eg shock with both hands in the back). Since 2008, with a fast attack (English: fastbreak ) also considered a contact from the side and from behind as unsportsmanlike foul. [6]

Disqualifying fouls are pronounced for gross unsporting conduct (assault, insult, etc.). A foul in which the injury to the opponent is taken into account, depending on the severity leads to a disqualifizierendem or unsportsmanlike foul.

1998 is the “advantage-disadvantage principle” was inducted into the Basketball Rules with, for example, touching the opponent with his hands must be no foul. The referee must decide whether the player who caused the contact has an unfair advantage thereof (see “Fouls” and Article 33.10 of the Official Basketball Rules of 2008. [7] ).
fouls the defender

The defender commits a foul by holding, blocking, pushing, shoving, Tripping and by interfering with the movement of an opponent by extending the hand, arm, elbow, shoulder, hip, leg, knee or foot. Has defended the attacker just no ball, some pushing and tugging is quite legal.

The attacker has defended the ball, the possibilities of defense are limited. The attacking player may not be met, unless this specifically examined the body contact. In this case, the attacker must not be hindered by legs or arms, but only with the body. Good defenders are so fast that they without the use of arms relegate the attacker may be able to even bring it to run backwards.
fouls the attacker
The referee shows his fist in the air and with the other hand on the foul gambler.

An attacker with the ball commits a foul when a standing position in a legal defense or backward moving to a defensive player makes contact (offensive foul) and the attacker thus gets an unfair advantage. Typical offensive fouls are illegal contact with the elbow, pushing away the opponent with a forearm or if the attacker runs shoulder first into an opponent.

An attacker without the ball commits a foul if it has a “moving block” (English: illegal moving screen or pick) sets. Standing blocks, however, are allowed in basketball (as opposed to football, where the so-called “Let casserole” considered a foul). Another difference from the challenge of a defender is that when offensive foul (foul ball leading the team) no free throw penalties are imposed (except for unsportsmanlike offensive foul). However, they are among the team fouls.
Consequences of Fouls
Free throw Dirk Nowitzki (2005)

A disqualifying foul or two unsportsmanlike fouls result in the exclusion game. The disqualified must leave immediately or wait until the end of the game in the crew cab the hall.
Five personal or technical fouls result in loss of eligibility for the current game (NBA: six fouls).
Two technical fouls against a coach, a technical foul against a coach and two technical fouls against the Bank or three technical fouls against the bank will result in disqualification of the coach. [6]

Please note that this is personal terms. Does not change the number of players on the field.

Basically, a foul resulting in unsuccessful attempt to basket depending on the position of the fouled to two or three free throws. In a basket with success tackle – ie the attacker is fouled in the act of shooting – gets the points went down and an additional bonus free throw.

A foul basket without trying to basically not free throws. Exception: From the 5th Team foul (all personal and technical fouls all players on a team per quarter, foul limit) there are basically two free throws (per Defender foul earlier there were in this situation 1 + 1 free throws, ie, only when the first one hit was, there was a second).
Time transgressions
24-second clock (shot clock)
The original 24-second clock (shot clock) in Syracuse , New York

Each attack can last for a maximum of 24 seconds (eg in Germany , USA , 30 or 45 seconds is allowed only in a few countries), which are counted on a clock. Time is shown restarted when the referee “intentionally playing the ball with the foot” whistles. In addition, the time starts to ring every touch of the ball again. Finally, a rally leads, (defender captured the ball and becomes the attacker, called “Steal”) and a foul by the defending team to restart the 24-second clock. Other hand, leads a decision-bounds without change of possession not to restart. Spectacular scenes leads to the following special feature: A basket counts when a player throws off the ball before the 24-second clock. The signal will sound when the ball is in the air (also of dropped in the last second of the game ball counts, although only after the season he reached the basket). In American college basketball you have 35 seconds time, which leads to fewer points than in professional basketball for an attack.
8-second rule

One team gets the ball or was it a throw, they must bring the ball seconds into the opposition half within eight (at 24 seconds). It does not succeed, there are the opponents for a throw-in at the center line.
3-second rule

During an attack, the attacking player must be no longer than three seconds remain continuously in the opponent zone (in the free throw area), regardless of whether each player has the ball or not. But here it should be noted that no referee stops the clock with three seconds. They are (as the 8-second) counted “in the head” or decided by feel. To high-class level is rarely disciplined under this Rule.

Meanwhile, the referees are instructed not to penalize the 3-second violation when an attacker to more than three seconds in the zone is, but during that time does not engage actively into play. If a player receives the ball after it has already been three seconds or longer in the zone, this is a violation. Forbearance is practiced with a player if he is two seconds in the zone, but he immediately raises the basket layup or about to. [8]
5-second rule

A player must throw the ball to hold in only a maximum of five seconds before he runs the ball. In the game he has to do a basket toss, begin to dribble or pass the ball when he is watched closely for five seconds. If any of these rules are violated, the opposing team receives the ball by ball at the nearest foul line.
Other rule violations
From

Off is awarded when ball or touch the ball leading player on the floor or outside the foul line. The ball, however, is not out of bounds, if it is outside the foul line in the air. A player who jumps off on the pitch can fit it back into the game, as long as players or ball does not touch the ground.
leg

During an attack, the game ball by any player of the team’s leading ball from the opponent’s half (run) in their own half of the field (the backcourt) can be played back. If it happens, that is a rule violation, the so-called “return” (English backcourt viola tion). As a return game every ball movement is evaluated over the center line, so it does not matter if was fitted or dribbled. The ball is in a giving him only in advance if both ball and both feet of the dribbler ends have contact with the tarmac. One other use is punished with a throw to the opposing team from the sidelines ago and this the place nearest to where the player touches the ball in the backcourt.

Exceptions: There is no return when a defender taps the ball into the backcourt of the attacking team (the “tap” the ball does not enter the ball) or the ball from an attacking player fit into the backcourt and intercepted by an opposing player (the ball omitted here, logically, because the ball goes anyway). It is not considered return match if a player jumps off the apron and plays ball in flight back to the apron. Furthermore, a defender may jump ahead, catch the ball and end up in his backcourt. However, he should not be in this situation the ball to a teammate or tap fit.
Step Error

Players must dribble with the ball (the ball on the ground tap) if he wants to move. If he does not, will be decided at step error (traveling) and the opponent gets ball on the sideline. According to FIBA ​​rules must first be dribbled, allow the NBA rules, the first step, and then to make the dribble.

After he ceases to dribble and still in motion, that is, when running, he may still have two ground contacts with the feet before he throws fits or at the basket. Here, the mainstay for the purpose of the passport or litter may raised, but not put back (eg when dissolved star step ).
Doppeldribbling

Once an attacker receives the ball after a Dribbling (tap the ball on the ground), it shall not recognize again to dribbling. A violation is throw for the opponents from the sidelines. Another version thereof Carrying: In this case during the dribbling player turns his hand over so that the hand is at the ball. The consequences are the same as in normal Doppeldribbling. The so-called “Fumbling” does not count as dribbling. It taps the ball while on the ground, due to the lack of ball control is therefore not the rule infraction.
goaltending

It is only allowed to catch a target on the basket ball thrown by the enemy from the air, or block, as long as it is in the upward movement. Has he reached the apex of his flight or is already on the decline and he is completely over ring level, the ball must touch the basket before it is playable again. This shall not apply if the ball goes wrong obviously. Initially, there was this rule does not, and so were very tall players over to themselves under their own basket and catch all throws.

Another form of goaltending is to block the ball after it has touched the board and he is completely over ring level. Touched a ball in a basket litter the board, he is not free, unless it is obvious that he goes wrong. This is in contrast to the union without a board, whether he is still in the upward or downward movement in the already.

A player commits goaltending with a free throw to the basket when he touched the ball in the air before it touches the ring.

Also grasping or striking the backboard into the net by a defender who prevented a basket, can be described in a broader sense than goaltending.

Consequence of goaltending is that the attacking team, the basket attempt is counted as a basket of success.

The attacking team can get caught and goaltending, the conditions are the same. This is called offensive interfence.

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