Cleveland Indians

The Cleveland Indians are an American baseball team . The team was founded in 1901 as the Cleveland Blues and plays in Major League Baseball . In his history of the Indians, also known by the nicknames The Tribe were ( engl:. Strain) are known, twice winner of the World Series .

The club’s name and logo and is often criticized. During the 1997 World Series three protesters were arrested, but released shortly thereafter.

The 19th Century

Was founded in 1865 with the Forest City club, a predecessor of the Indians. The name Forest City refers to the city of Cleveland , which is also known under this name. Since 1870 the team has been in the local papers called Cleveland Forest Citys. A year later joined the team of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional baseball league. Since it into the League in Rockford also had a club named Forest City, the teams were often called FC and FC Cleveland Rockford. During the 1872 season, the team withdrew from the league.

1876 ​​dissolved the National League from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players. From Cleveland was not a team in the league. The National League was looking for new members in 1879 and the Cleveland Blues were included. After six years with average success the team became the 1885 season after St. Louis laid. 1887 a new team was formed, which played in the American Association. In 1890 the team that was now known as the Cleveland Spiders, again included in the National League. A year later, the team moved into the League Park. The stadium should be the home of the club over the next 55 years.

Led by pitcher Cy Young moved the team in the 1890s, twice in the Temple Cup, the forerunner to the World Series, a. 1895, the team won this item. Only four years later, the team lost many of their best players to the St. Louis Cardinals . Weakened by the disposals followed a devastating season. Were correspondingly low attendances at home games, so the team played the most away games. After the season, the Spiders had to leave along with three other teams, the National League.

In response to the shrinking process of the National League, the second-rate Western League changed its name to American League and declared himself to Major League. The association of Grand Rapids was moved to Cleveland and took the name of blues. The Cleveland Blues were one of the eight founding members of the American League.
1901-1954: founding and two championships

Thus the American League could compete with the National League recruited from the American League Teams Player of the National League. One of those players was Nap Lajoie , of the 1902 Philadelphia Phillies moved to Cleveland. In the same year the team changed its name to bronchoscopy. Lajoie was a crowd favorite, so the team took from the 1905 season under the name Naps. 1915, followed renamed the Cleveland Indians.

The early 1920s were very successful. 1919 Tris Speaker became a player-coach appointed. A year later, the team reached the first World Series . The Brooklyn Robins (a precursor of the Los Angeles Dodgers ) were beaten 5-2 victories. The success of the death of infielders was overshadowed Ray Chapman in August 1920. He was from a litter of Yankees pitcher Carl Mays hit and died from injuries. After two second places, the team slipped back into the basement table. 1940, the team of the championship came very close again. A player revolt should the team owner Alva Bradley bring himself to dismiss the manager Ossie Vitt. Bradley refused, however. Some journalists mocked the players and crybabies (suckers). [2]

1946 Indians to an investor group led by Bill Veech sold was headed. A year later the team from getting on in years, the League Park in Cleveland Stadium to. In the same year the Indians took Larry Doby under contract. He was the first African American , the. among the Indians and the second African American ever to play for an MLB club Doby was twice the player with the most home runs of the season American League. A year later, the 42-year-old pitcher Satchel Paige , the oldest rookie MLB history. After a strong season, the Indians had a playoff spot against the same Boston Red Sox deny. It was the first such game in the American League. The Indians were successful and moved into the World Series. After a 4-2 victory against the Boston Braves (now the Atlanta Braves ), the Indians were champions for the second time.

In the 1950s the Indians were among the top group of the American League. Five times the team finished in second place behind the New York Yankees. 1954 the Indians won 111 games, which was a record at that time. In the World Series, the team lost 4-0 against the New York Giants (now San Francisco Giants ).
1955-1993: The Curse of Rocky Colavito

Between 1959 and 1993, the Indians managed only a third and five fourth places. Otherwise, the team was only found in the basement table. Reason for over thirty years of continuous descent was a lot of bad transfers, where the Indians have got good players and bad players levies in return. The downturn began in early 1960 when the popular among fans right fielder Rocky Colavito to the Detroit Tigers have been made. Between 1969 and 1975, the Indians completed seven seasons starting in a row with a negative balance.

In 1974 in a game against the Texas Rangers , the ” Ten Cent Beer Night “, where the stadium beer was sold at a reasonable price. The action ended with riots in the audience. A year later the Indians baseball history. Wrote Frank Robinson became the first African-American coach of a MLB team. He could not stop the descent and was released in 1977.

In the early 1980s there was hope of improvement. In 1980, Joe Charbonneau voted “Rookie of the season.” Due to various injuries, he had to end his career in 1982. 1981 threw Len Barker a perfect game against the Toronto Blue Jays . In early 1987, the team had the ridicule of the magazine Sports Illustrated to endure. The team finished the 1986 season off with a positive balance and the Sports Illustrated predicted the title win in the American League East for the 1987 season. With 101 defeats, however, the Indians were last.

Also in 1986, the Indians were bought by the brothers David and Richard Jacobs for a sum of 35 million dollars. Previously, the team changed hands several times. Three years later, a fictional Cleveland Indians team was in the movie The Cleveland Indians portrayed. Through this film, the Indians were able to significantly increase their popularity worldwide. In the early 1990s the situation improved athletic team. In 1992, Joe Carter against Sandy Alomar Jr. and Carlos Baerga exchanged. This transfer was controversial among fans, but signified an increase in offensive performance of the crew.

Also in 1992, the Indians were elected by the MLB Team of the Year. [3] The new coach Mike Hargrove was one of the most successful coaches in the 1990s. In preparation for the 1993 season, there was a tragedy. There are boat rides a boat crashed into a pier. The pitcher Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed, while Bob Ojeda had to end his career due to his severe injuries. [4] On 8 April 1993 wrote Carlos Baerga baseball history, as he did as a player first home run from both sides of the home base hit in the same inning.
1994-present: A new beginning

In 1994, the Cleveland Indians from the obsolete stage in the new Jacobs Field to. With modern sporting arena better times should begin. The Indians fought with the Chicago White Sox to the championship of the Central Division, as the season on 12 August 1994 due to a strike was canceled the players’ union. A year later, the Indians moved for the first time in forty years back in the World Series.

The upturn came by players from their own farm teams like Albert Belle , Jim Thome and Charles Nagy . Requires players joined from other MLB teams like Dennis Martinez and Kenny Lofton . The team finished the 1995 season with a record of 100 wins and 44 defeats in the first place from the Central Division. After play-off wins over the Boston Red Sox and the Seattle Mariners , the Indians met in the World Series to the Atlanta Braves . The Braves became champions with a 4-2 victory. In June 1995, a series of 455 consecutive home games began, in which the Jacobs Field was sold out. This series is still an MLB record. As a tribute, the number was 455 in 2001, when this series crack, retired.

In 1997, the Indians to the World Series for the fifth time. After a false start to the season, the Indians were able to win the Central Division for the third time in a row. After victories over the New York Yankees and the Baltimore Orioles were waiting Florida Marlins in the final. Cleveland led early in the second half of the ninth inning of the seventh game 2-1. After an error, the pitcher Jose Mesa, the Marlins were able to compensate. In the eleventh inning saw Edgar Renteria for the victory-making point for Florida. Cleveland is the first team in the second half of the ninth inning went with a guide in game seven and still lost. In his autobiography made ​​shortstop Omar Vizquel Mesa responsible for the defeat. These accusations led to a dispute between the two players. [5]

In the following two years, the Indians reached the playoffs again, but had to accept the resignation respectively in the first round. After the 1999 season the coach Mike Hargrove had to go. A year later, the Indians missed the playoffs after a weak start. For this, the strong defensive performance was with three Golden Gloves honors. Also in 2000, Richard sold Jacobs (his brother died in the meantime) the team for 323 million U.S. dollars to Larry Dolan.

2001 returned the Indians back to the playoffs. Highlight of the season was a game against the Seattle Mariners. The Indians were 12 points back (0:12 and 2:14) and could turn the game around and win 15-14. The game went on (“The Impossible Return”) in baseball history as “The Impossible Return”. In the first playoff round, both sides met again. The Indians led 2-1 victories, but lost four games and five and dropped out.

After the season was Mark Shapiro new General Manager. Shapiro rejuvenated the team, in which he switched from aging players against young talents. 2002 and 2003 the Indians each had a negative balance. In 2004, the team missed the playoffs. Highlight of the 2004 season was a 22:0 victory over the New York Yankees, the heaviest defeat in Yankees history. In 2005, the Indians awarded in recent games a possible playoff participation after the team lost six of the last seven games. In five of these defeats, a point made all the difference. The main problem at this time were the inexperienced pitcher who still forgave many guides.

On 2 September 2006 Kevin Kouzmanoff only the third player in his first at bat in the MLB hit a grand slam homerun. He was the first player to have managed the first throw. Therefore, some experienced players were signed for the season 2007, which should lead the young talents.

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