Composer (female: songwriter) is a professional who writes music . Usually the term refers to someone who uses a system of musical notation that allows their implementation by other musicians . In cultures or genres that do not use a rating system, the composer term can refer to the original creator of music. In this case, transmission to other interpreters is done by memorizing and repeating. In general, the composer is the author of the music and, as such, is the holder of the copyright . Currently the musical compositions are defended by copyright law. There publishers specializing in music and the composer or copyright holder of composition receive royalties whenever a new commercial recording or public performance is performed.

Composer in classical music

In classical music , the composer is a musician highly trained in music theory and is usually responsible, besides the creation of sheet music original, also for arrangements to instrumentation or to the desired voice. Early in the development of classical music in Europe , the role of the composer was not highly valued. The interpreter was at liberty to alter the composition as desired, adding improvisations, or even mixing parts of different compositions. As the music became more complex, the composer came to be associated with your work and have more control over the execution of his compositions. The song writing came to be regarded as a set of strict instructions from which the interpreter should not deviate. The value of the interpretation of classical music today says much about the expression that improvisation. To allow the performers demonstrate virtuosity, most composers from the classical period , began to leave specific moments in the score where the performer can improvise as you wish ( Cadenza ), since the rest of the composition is respected. [2]
Popular music

In popular music , the composer writes the music for songs (and sometimes also the letters). The composition is not as rigid as in classical music , and it is accepted (and even expected) improvisation. In many cases, the music is adapted for the instrumentation of the musical group that performs the arranger , musician specialized in this task. In certain genres like Jazz, this step is not necessary, and the musicians create the arrangement during execution, improvising freely on the topics designed by the composer. [3]
Related Terms

In Portuguese, the word “composer” refers to any musical genre, classical or popular, but in some other languages ​​(such as English and German ) is a term specific to the composer of popular songs (songwriter, English, or liedermacher in German). There are corresponding terms in Portuguese as “songwriter” or “cancionetista” but still, this is commonly called “popular composer”, “songwriter”, “composer of words and music” or “author” simply. He also plays his own songs is called “singer-songwriter” or “songwriter”. The writer of lyrics is also called “lyricist”.

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