FC Bayern Munich

FC Bayern Munich (officially: football club Bayern Munich registered association) [2] is a sports club from Munich . Since 2002 into a separate public company outsourced professional football department is German record champions , each record holder in the DFB Cup , League Cup and Super Cup and is in perpetual Table Bundesliga first place. Thus, Bayern Munich is the most successful club in German professional football.

At the European level, Bayern is six European Cup victories, including four in the Champions League and the European Champions Cup , the five most successful clubs . In addition to Juventus and Ajax , he is one of the clubs that both the European Champion Clubs’ Cup or Champions League , the UEFA Cup , and the European Cup Winners Cup could win. Twice the Bayern Munich also won the World Cup .

Economically, the club is one of the world’s most successful: after the 2009/10 season, Bayern were ranked fourth in the ranking list of the largest clubs and in April 2011, the same rank in the list of the most valuable clubs of Forbes Magazine . [3] With 187 865 members of the Association (Updated: November 9, 2012) is the Bayern one of the strongest members of sports clubs worldwide. The association has 3,202 official fan clubs with a total of 231 197 registered members. [4] [5]

Since 1965 Bayern played continuously in the Bundesliga , only the first two years after the introduction of the Bundesliga, the team was second-rate. The second team of FC Bayern currently plays in the fourth division Regionalliga Bayern . She won in the 2003/04 season the league title in the then third-tier Regionalliga Süd.

FC Bayern also include other departments may also have some success. So were currently in the Women’s Bundesliga playing football women 1976 champion and 2012 German DFB Cup winner. Other successes celebrated the basketball with two championships and a cup win, the chess section with nine German championships and a European Cup victory and the gymnasts with four German championships.

1900-1910 – The early years
First Coat of the Association 1900-1901
The Memorandum of Bayern
First football betting game against the first FC Nuremberg 1901

On 27 February 1900 a meeting was held in the football section of the inn “Bäckerhöfl” MTV Munich instead. There had recently been a dispute over the development of the football department, as a General Assembly of the MTV had given the accession of the Association for the southern German Football Association a rejection. At 21:30 clock left eleven men, Naegele, Schmid, Karl, Wamsler, Ringler, Focke , Francke, Frederick, Zoepffel, Pollack and John the restaurant and found the restaurant “Gisela” in Schwabing, in order that same evening the FC Bayern Munich to set up. [6] The members mentioned in the certificate of incorporation was later become known sculptor Benno Elkan . [7] It was chaired by John Francis , who should be in the history of Bavaria also the first chairman. As a club colors you chose blue and white, the membership fee was a Mark set.

As the first training course was the city’s own, which still exists today Schyrenplatz. The first opponent was in March 1900, the first Munich FC 1896 , FC Bayern won the match 5-2. Quickly joined by other players on the club, so among other three players in the football department of the TV Munich 1860 . In the spring of 1900, the business ceded Wamsler Bayern a plot at the Clement Street as a venue. The first of a long and venerable history derby between FC Bayern and the “sixties” was held in 1902. Bayern won the match 3-0. In order to extend the operation of gambling, the club decided in 1906 to convert to Munich sports club , but retained a certain independence, which is reflected in the name “FA Bayern Munich in SC” (= Soccer-FA) expressed. The merger now joined Bayern in white shirts and red pants, this sparked the colors blue and white from the founding period from which the name Red was born. At the local level, the “Bavaria” the undisputed number one in football developed in the southern German competition level, they were less successful. Too much at that time still dominated the teams that had emerged already in the 1890s along the Upper Rhine between Frankfurt and Freiburg and had evolved, the world of football.

In 1907, the Bavarians had the sports facilities at the Karl-Theodor-Straße give up and move to the sports field at the Leopold Street. Inaugurated it was also the first grandstand on a football pitch in Munich. In the opening game, there was a 8-1 Wacker München . In 1908, Bayern had more than 300 members, eight teams and more than 100 youth players. This was an amendment to the result, which management work and sports were separated. The players had more time to concentrate on the sport. In 1910 they were able to participate for the first time in the finals to South German championship. At the end of the FCB took 2nd Place behind the Karlsruher FV . In the same year presented the Bavaria Max Gablonsky their first international.
1918 to 1928 – the period after the First World War

During World War II, the sport was slow to a halt and the club and its environment, there was a constant up and down until the season 1919/20, was in southern Germany back to a regular league play guaranteed. In October 1919, the Bayern Munich came from the SC and merged with the gymnastic club Jahn to TuSpV Bavaria. Townley William was again as a coach committed to bringing you continued the tradition of English coaches at the club. Already in the pre-war years were the Bavarians with Coach Taylor, and Charles Griffith Hoer three Englishman as coach, the latter of which was the first full-time coach Bavaria.
Coat of Arms 1923-1938
and 1945-1954

In the spring of 1924 they separated during the neat divorce again from TuSpV Bavaria and entered from now on only as an independent organization under the name “FC Bayern München” on. With the Scot Jim McPherson , Bayern again relied on a British coach. 1926 Bayern played the South German championship. The toughest competitors came time to the first FC Nuremberg and SpVgg. Fuerth , which was then considered as the best team in Germany, from Bavaria. The return match against Fürth Grünwald Stadium was broadcast live on radio and after a dramatic match, Bayern won 4-3. Bayern were for the first time South German master, but then failed already in the second round of the German championship in Leipzig against SV Fortuna Leipzig 02 with 0:2. Already in 1928 succeeded to the Hungarian coach Leo Weisz winning the second South German championship. Again, you are so qualified for final round of the German championship and victories against FC Wacker Hall and the Suelz 07 SpVgg Bayern reached the semi-finals and celebrated the biggest success so far of the club’s history. In Duisburg Wedaustadion the Bavarians the subject Hamburger SV but clearly with 2:8.
1928-1933 – The first Championship
Replica of Victoria in the showcase of Bayern

After three failed attempts at winning the German championship in 1926, 1928 and 1929 had more success in 1932. The coaching change from Kálmán Konrád to Richard Dombi 1930 thus turned out to be a good decision. The final of the South German Cup, Bayern lost against Eintracht Frankfurt and went as a Southern German runner-up in the final round of the German Cup. In turn, they met Minerva in 1893 and the Berlin Police SV Chemnitz before one in the semifinals of the archrival Franc , 1 FC Nuremberg faced. The match took place in Mannheim and Bayern defeated the previously five-time German champions 2-0. The goals scored Oscar pipe and Hans Welker . In the final on 12 June 1932, which was held in Nuremberg, they met again at Eintracht Frankfurt against which it was inferior to the Southern German championship already in the final. Thousands Bayern fans were on their way, including about 400 unemployed by bicycle. In retrospect, the club took on the cost of these fans for accommodation and tickets. On the day of the final, reigned 30 degrees in the shade and 55,000 spectators watched the game at the stadium. In the 35th Minute took the Frankfurt Hennes Straub on the goal line hand to help and there was penalty for Bayern. “Ossi” pipe safely transformed to 1:0. In the second half of the Frankfurt pushed for an equalizer but in the 75th Minute goal Franz Krumm 2-0 for the ultimate Bavaria. After the final whistle, Bayern Munich, held for the first time in club history Victoria in hand. For the first time a club from Munich was German champion and the team was thrilled to receive the state capital. The victory celebration was held in Munich Löwenbräu Keller instead, the players were put on horse to celebrate. In one of the speeches, it was said, “what you thought already determined in the previous year in 1860, this year has managed Bayern”.

1933-1945 – dictatorship and World War II
Coat of Arms 1938-1945
League and Season Place Goals Points
Gauliga Bavaria 1933/34, 3 53:35 27-17
Gauliga Bavaria 1934/35 4 49:31 24-16
Gauliga Bayern in 1935/36 3 47:26 9
Gauliga Bavaria 1936/37, 3 49:31 20-16
Gauliga Bavaria 1937/38 5 37:29 19-17
Gauliga Bayern in 1938/39 7 26:31 17-19
Gauliga Bavaria 1939/40, 8 21:35 10-26
Sports League Bavaria 1940/41, 7 35:35 21-23
Sports League Bavaria 1941/42, 8 41:40 17-25
Gauliga southern Bavaria 1942/43, 3 52:23 22-14
Gauliga southern Bavaria 1943/44 * 1 56:15 5
Gauliga Munich / Upper Bavaria in 1944/45 ** 1 75:15 29 – 1
Orange background: First of corresponding Gauliga
* Playoff game lost to the German championship
** German championship was not played (Bavaria was in demolition
the round unassailable four games left front)

1933 could not be defending the title, after the club both games against TSV 1860 Munich had lost to the South German championship. After the Nazi takeover of government power under the leadership of Adolf Hitler had President Kurt Landauer resign to political pressure in the same year due to his Jewish heritage. Dombi coach, also Jewish, joined shortly thereafter to Switzerland. Bayern was in contrast to city rivals 1860 Munich frowned upon in the new regime because of Landauer and Dombi as “Jewish Club”. It was not until the beginning of 1943 was a member of the NSDAP be installed as president in conjunction with Josef Sauter, support for individual players Landauer with a guest performance in Switzerland had more reprisals result. [8]

In addition, left Oskar pipe the club to professional players in the Grasshoppers Zurich to become. New coach was Hans Tauchert , but could not match the old successes and in 1934 by Ludwig Hofmann was replaced. Hofmann died but a short time later with a neck disease Michalke and Richard took over the post of coach. Thus, the decline was not complete yet and so they stood in 1939, shortly before the first relegation in the club’s history, however, the class could just hold still. During the war, the Gauligen were more regionalized, to keep the way for the clubs for away games as short as possible. Were the first in the Gauliga Bavaria Bavaria, they then played in the Gauliga southern Bavaria, which was created by the division of Gauliga Bavaria. Shortly before the end of the war they played in the Gauliga Munich-Upper Bavaria. In 1944, the Reds were able to recover a South German championship and qualified for the finals once again as the German championship. Already in the second round but they lost in overtime against the VfR Mannheim . On 13 July of the same year, the office and a part of the archives were destroyed by bombing. The following year, they qualified under player-coach Conny Heidkamp again for the final round of the German Cup. The final was not held in the year of the end of World War II. As the stadium was destroyed at the Grünwalderstraße in bomb attacks in 1943 and only released in August 1945, FC Bayern wore his games these years Dantestadion (1943-1944), the place at the Schliersee on road (1944-1945) and the sports field of the Hypo Bank in Grünwalderstraße (1945) from.
1945-1955 – The postwar period
League and Season Place Goals Points
Serie A 1945/46, 6 67:48 34-26
Serie A 1946/47, 11 75:56 36-40
Serie A 1947/48 4 72:38 50-26
Serie A 1948/49, 3 61:42 35-25
Serie A 1949/50, 13 56:70 25-35
Serie A 1950/51, 9 64:53 33-35
Serie A 1951/52, 8 53:54 29-31
Serie A 1952/53, 7 59:56 30-30
Serie A 1953/54, 9 42:46 28-33
Serie A in 1954/55 16 42:76 15-45
2 Oberliga Süd 1955/56, 2 89:43 46-22
Serie A 1956/57, 10 52:62 26-34
Serie A 1957/58, 7 66:56 30-30
Serie A 1958/59, 4 79:49 39-21
Serie A 1959/60 3 81:55 39-21
Serie A 1960/61, 8 57:54 30-30
Serie A 1961/62 3 67:55 40-20
Oberliga 1962/63 * 3 67:52 40-20
Regional League in 1963/64 2 115:61 52-24
Regional 1964/65, 1 146:32 55-17
Violet background: descent into the second Oberliga
Orange background: promotion to the Oberliga Süd
Green background: promotion to the Bundesliga
* Not considered for the Bundesliga

After the Second World War all German sports clubs were the Allied Control Council dissolved and had to apply for a license for the foundation. Players of FC Bayern were soon together again denied on 24 June 1945 against FC Wacker München the first match after World War II and rose in November of the same year into playing the Oberliga Süd one. The new start after the war was difficult, almost every year changed the coach and the sporting success was initially limited. In June 1947 he and Kurt Landauer returned from exile, a few weeks later was the first Elected chairman of the association. His fourth and last term ended in 1951.

The membership of the club performed well in the postwar years. Soon Bayern was once again more than 1,000 members, including youth departments experienced brisk business. In 1949, once again reached the qualifying matches for the German Championship with a 3 Place in the league table. In the qualification they met the FC St. Pauli , but lost in a replay, which was held the next day, with 0:2. Then began a long decline of the athletic association, which even culminated in relegation. In 1954/55 rose Bavaria for the first and only time in its history, from the former major league from. The following year, however, succeeded in the immediate resurgence.
1955-1965 – The DFB Pokal and the wait for the Bundesliga
Coat of Arms 1954-1961
Coat of Arms 1961-1965

One of the few sporting highlights of the 40s and 50s was winning the DFB Cup . In the year of resurgence, Bayern did not want to participate in the DFB-Pokal originally. They simply wanted to save travel costs. But the new coach Willibald Hahn demanded necessarily to participate and was able to prevail in the end against the club’s management. After the semifinals of the first FC Saarbrücken was defeated 3-1 in the final of the waiting Fortuna Dusseldorf . The finale was held on 29 December 1957 in Augsburg’s Rosenau Stadium instead of in front of 42,000 spectators, including 12,000 Bayern fans. On the day of the game, there was heavy snowfall and the ground was covered with snow. This seemed the Bavarians, who went into the game as underdogs, very meet. From the beginning of the Bayern dominated the Fortuna and had only their goalkeeper Albert Gortz due to that the game was 0-0 for a long time. In the 78th Minute succeeded the outstanding Rudi Jobst after three start the ball in the net to accommodate. After you survive the remaining time without prejudice, the first DFB-Pokal victory in the history of FC Bayern was reached with the final whistle.

Performance data of the final of the DFB-Pokal in 1957

After the surprising success Cup and the first major title since 1932, re-entered the dreariness of the league. It only reached number seven and there were financial problems again. The latter is achieved by Roland Endler. The businessman from Neuss , a big fan of Bavaria, became the new president and the financial woes were at an end.

With the new coach Adolf Patek it was 1958/59, first back up. Fourth place at the end of the season we achieved the best result in ten years. In the following season, Bayern four points of the players were due to a so-called “overpayment” in the season 57/58 withdrawn. Originally a penalty eight points deduction were provided, but an appeal of Bavaria gave a reduced sentence. The point deduction nevertheless led to the fact that the club missed the final round of the German Cup and end only ended up in fifth place. The only high point in the season 1960/61, was the victory in the derby against TSV 1860 Munich. After a period between 2-2 the Lions were swept 6-2 at the end of the stadium. After a disappointing 8th only Place in the following year had to go coach Patek. For him, came Helmut Schneider .

In 1962/63, the club met for the first time at a major international competition: In the quarter-finals of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup would retire against Dinamo Zagreb from. Nationally it was for Bayern matter for the coming new Premier League to qualify. Therefore had more than just the 8 Come out of place last season. Also began on the 28th April 1962 a new era at Bayern. Initially, only provisionally for one year took Wilhelm Neudecker president of the association. There should be far more than just the one. The new president was not open to the signing of an experienced player. This was Herbert Erhardt . Otherwise allowed to coach Schneider just pick young talent to the Isar. One of them was a certain Sepp Maier . On 30 December 1962 had goalkeeper Kosar help out in attack and Sepp Maier made ​​his debut for Bayern than just 18-year-old. Bayern finished the season in third Table space behind the first FC Nuremberg and TSV 1860 Munich. So you not only missed the final round of the German championship, was obtained on 11 May 1963, the refusal by the DFB for the new league. The specious reasoning was: “The Panel was of the opinion that [...] it does not seem advisable to give two clubs in the same place a license for the Bundesliga.” Thus, Bayern had in 1963/64 to compete in the newly created Regional. Helmut Schneider’s contract was actually extended, but then he had to leave the club.

He was replaced Zlatko Čajkovski . The stated goal of the season was reaching the play-offs for the Premier League. This goal could be achieved with a second place at the end of the season. On 6 June 1964 is defeated in the first game of the play-offs FC St. Pauli 4-0. It was the first competitive match of the then 18-year-old Franz Beckenbauer . [9] [10] In his first game for Bayern he succeeded equal his first goal. Beckenbauer had decided against a change for TSV 1860 München and FC Bayern after being in a game of his SC Munich from 1906 had been slapped against TSV 1860 by an opponent. Bayern lacked only one point at the end of the rise and it was to make a fresh start. Had previously Maier and Beckenbauer may be required in the two years, now lacked only one element as the basis for the soon following great years of Bayern Munich. In the spring of 1964, the president of the TSV 1860 Munich had in Nördlingen announced to pay the miller family a visit to to steer their son to TSV. Since the Bavarians had little interest in the burly striker and got wind of it, it appeared an hour earlier in Nördlingen. The TSV offered the young man only an amateur one-year contract, Bayern a professional contract. The later “Bomber” Gerd Müller , therefore moved to Bayern in the summer. Čajkovski was not impressed by the commitment of the young, stocky striker and said. “What ish with this boy, this figure impossible” Later he lovingly called him “little fat Müller”. [11]

In his first game on 18 Mueller met in October 1964 to 3:0 against FC Freiburg . At the end of the season 1964/65, it was with a Rekordtorverhältnis of 146:32 established as masters of the Regionalliga Süd. Gerd Muller scoring 33 goals in 26 games in his first season and contributed significantly to the Championship. In the promotion round was made ​​against Tennis Borussia Berlin all clear. The club won 8-0 in Berlin and rose to the Bundesliga.
1965-1970 – The first years in the Bundesliga
Season Place Goals Points Average attendance
1965/66 3 71:38 47-21 26,294
1966/67, 6 62:47 37-31 22,353
1967/68 5 68:58 38-30 21,706
In 1968/69 1 61:31 46-22 25,029
Highlighted in green: winning the German championship
Coat of Arms 1965-1970

Before the first Bundesliga season Bayern scolded Čajkovski that he had no ready-made player and would be pleased if you would stay in the league. But the team should belie his words. Bayern started by the same fully. Even if you went 0-1 on the opening day in the derby against 1860 losers from the space, so the Bavarians were on the fourth day for the first time at the top of the Bundesliga. Although this could not be maintained, but the prestigious return match against local rivals TSV 1860 was won 3-0, and in the end it took a more than respectable third place. It was the only time in Bundesliga history that both teams were in Munich at the end of a season in the top three. Third place in the league was not long enough but the Bavarians. They succeeded for the second time in club history, the DFB Cup to pick up. After a great game against the Meidericher SV 4-2 Bayern retained the upper hand and took the trophy home. Sepp Maier said after the game: “Hoaß’s it, hamma gschwitzt, and no gwunna a degree cal’s it!” In 1966 that came from both the master of the Bundesliga and Cup Winners’ Cup in Munich

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