Native Peoples of the United States

The native people of the United States are the indigenous peoples who inhabited the present territory of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii ) at the time of arrival of the first Europeans . They comprise a large number of tribes distinct states and ethnic groups, many of which survive as intact communities policies. The terminology used to refer to Native Americans is controversial: according to a set of interviews from the U.S. Census Bureau conducted in 1995, the majority of respondents expressed a preference remains for continuing to refer to themselves as the ” American Indians “, or simply” Indian “.

The European colonization of the Americas led to centuries of conflict societies of the Old and New World . Most of the written historical record about Native Americans was made by Europeans after initial contact. Native Americans lived in societies of hunter / farmer subsistence systems with values ​​significantly different from the colonizers Europeans . Cultural differences among Native Americans, on the one hand and the Europeans and their descendants, on the other hand, led to great and lasting war and cultural.

Estimates of the population pre-Columbian of what is now the United States of America vary significantly, ranging from 1 to 18 million. [1]

After the colonies revolt against Britain and the creation of the United States of America, the ideology of ” manifest destiny “became part of the American movement nationalist . At the end of the eighteenth century , George Washington and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of “civilizing” Native Americans in preparation for citizenship American. [2] [3] Assimilation (whether voluntary as the Choctaw , [4] or forced) became A policy consistent with U.S. administrations. At the beginning of the nineteenth century , most Native Americans southern U.S. was removed from their lands to accommodate the expanding U.S. over Alabama , Florida , Louisiana , Mississippi , North Carolina and Tennessee . With the American Civil War , many American Indian nations were transferred to the west of the Mississippi River . The greatest strength of American Indians came in the form of Indian Wars that were common until the 1890s .

Today, Native Americans have a stable relationship with the United States. Their societies and cultures flourish in the midst of a large population that emigrated from Europe, Africa and Asia to the United States. To Native Americans who were not U.S. citizens were granted citizenship in 1924 by the U.S. Congress .

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