Oakland Athletics

The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team from California’s Oakland . They play in the Western Division of the American League . The team is often referred to for short as The A’s.

History
Origins

The Oakland Athletics were 1893 in Indianapolis founded and played in the Western League, a minor league , for the 1900 American League was. 1901 moved the A’s to Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , where they played until 1954 when Philadelphia Athletics. 1955-1967 played the Athletics in Kansas City , Missouri , and eventually moved to Oakland in 1968 to.

The name goes back to an Amateur Athletics team named Athletics of Philadelphia, founded in 1860. After this team became a professional baseball team, she joined in 1871, the National Association of Professional Baseball in and took in the first year their first Pennant titles in the Major Leagues. The Athletics of Philadelphia played until 1875 in the National Association in 1876 and was one of the founding members of the National League , but were excluded after just one season in the league. A later team played the Athletics from 1882 to 1891 in the American Association.
Oakland (1968-present)
Percentage of games won of the Oakland A’s during the regular season
World Series three consecutive

After a sporting losing streak of 40 years, the A’s had during the first half of the 1970s again with great success. She won three times in succession, the World Series (1972-1974). Star of the team was outfielder Reggie Jackson , who with his home runs is ranked 11th all-time best list. [1] The three strongest pitcher was Catfish Hunter , Rollie Fingers and Vida Blue , all in the course of their career the Cy Young Award awarded were . [2] Other pillars of the team were Sal Bando (third base), Joe Rudi (outfield) and Bert Campaneris (shortstop). Most of these players left the Athletics until 1977, after which some weak seasons followed.
The Bay Series

Only in the early 1980s, a new winning team could be built. Finally, this in turn reached the finals three times in the playoffs ( 1988 , 1989 and 1990 ), where they won the 1989 World Series. Since the playoffs against the neighboring San Francisco Giants were held, as they went into the Bay Series history. Among the most successful players of that era were part of a Rickey Henderson (outfield), the player with the most Stolen Bases of MLB history [3] , and the two Slugger Jose Canseco (outfield) and Mark McGwire (First Base), which ranked 32 and 8 of the list with the most homers are. Other important players of this team were pitcher Dennis Eckersley and Dave Stewart, Carney Lansford (third base) and Walt Weiss (shortstop). After 1992, the team fell apart.
Moneyball Years

Since 1997, Billy Beane general manager of the A’s. This formed a new team that was much cheaper than the champion teams of the 1970s and 1980s. Beane chose players that seemed to be mediocre by current statistics, but according to so-called Sabermetrics were above average. [4] This phase was called Moneyball Years. Despite financial inferiority over the competition succeeded in Athletics from 2000-2003 to move into the play-offs, where they are but every time failed in the first round (de facto in the quarterfinals). This period was dominated by the called Big Three pitchers Tim Hudson, Mark Mulder and Barry Zito . These were the infielders Jason Giambi (First Base), Miguel Tejada (shortstop) and Eric Chavez (third base, six-time winner of the Gold Glove ), each of which was good batter. After the 2004 season until Chavez all the top players were issued in exchange for young talent. The events of 2011 were in the feature film to win The Art – Moneyball processed.
Since 2006

2006 succeeded the A’s their last success: They not only reached the play-offs, but made ​​it to the finals of the American League, where they but the Detroit Tigers subject. After that season one more time were exchanged talents against the better-known players from other teams. This was followed by three years with more defeats than victories for the crew.
Logo and Stadium
The Old English “A” jersey badge

Over the years, the Athletics have honored their ancestors with their jerseys to Amateur times. Until 1954, when on the fronts of the jerseys for the first time “Athletics” was the name of the team appeared neither home nor on away kits. Furthermore, never “Philadelphia” or the letter “P” stood on their caps or jerseys. Had the standard jersey of Athletics only on the left front of a stylized “A”, which was also seen on the caps. While the team played in Kansas City, stood on the away kit “Kansas City” and an interlocking “KC” on the caps. When moving to Oakland “A” was introduced on cap and jersey back to 1970 supplemented by the “apostrophe S” to its present form.

At present, the Athletics wear jerseys at home games with the word “Athletics” and away with the word “Oakland”. The caps and team logo is still the traditional stylized “A’s”
Mascot

After John McGraw , manager of the New York Giants reporters about alleged that the main owner of the new team, Benjamin Shibe , possessed a “white elephant” (in English, the term “white elephant” for something that will cause more work or costs, as it’s worth), manager Connie Mack took over the allegations, despite the white elephant as the team mascot. Over the years, changing only the color several times, is currently forest green elephant. The Athletics are sometimes, albeit irregularly, called Elephants or White Elephants.

The elephant was created in 1963 by the then owner Charles O. Finley by a mule, the emblem of the State of Missouri, replaced. 1986, the elephant was introduced as a symbol of the Athletics again and currently adorns the left sleeve of home and away kits.
Stadium

The owner of the team stood for years against the problematic question of venue for the home games. The Oakland Coliseum was regarded by many as one of the best stadiums of Major League Baseball, although it was originally designed as a multi-function device and from the football team, the Oakland Raiders , was also used as a venue. After the Raiders in 1982 by Los Angeles moved, many improvements were made ​​to the stadium, which was now a pure baseball stadium.

In 1994, a treaty was concluded, which the Los Angeles Raiders would move back to Oakland for the ’95 season. The agreement required the expansion of the Coliseum to over 63,000 places. The rural views of the foothills, the fans could enjoy when visiting the stadium was replaced by a huge grandstand, which is called by the baseball fans contemptuously “Mount Davis”, named after the owner of the Raiders Al Davis . From the perspective of baseball fans, however, was the highlight of the insults that the development was not completed at the beginning of the ’96 baseball season, leading the Athletics compelled to settle their first home games at another ground. Eventually became the 9,300-seat Cashman Field in Las Vegas , Nevada selected. There were six “home games” played.

Since that time, was expressed by the owners that a new ballpark is necessary to ensure the economic survival of Athletics. 2005, the new owners published Lewis Wolff ‘s plans to build a new venue with 35,000 seats. The New Oakland ballpark should not occur far from the current venue as part of a larger commercial and residential area.
rivalries

The Athletics have major rivalries from the dimensions of the rivalry between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox , the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Francisco Giants or between the Chicago Cubs and the St. Louis Cardinals . This comes partly from the fact that the team was able to find their last two decades in Philadelphia and throughout their time in Kansas City on the rear seats of the division. Another reason was the two parades over the years, of which local rivalries arose not. Although the Athletics play in the American League since 1901, their competitors in the division come from later vintages. The Los Angeles Angels were founded in 1961 as the Texas Rangers (the play but only since 1972 in Dallas). The Seattle Mariners were formed only in 1977. However, the closest rival to the Athletics in the American League in recent years were more likely to teams that they faced too Philadelphia periods such as the New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox, if only because of the hard-fought encounter in the play -offs.

In the 70 established itself a strong rivalry with the Kansas City Royals , which was triggered by the Kansas City fans who were dissatisfied with the relocation of the A’s in 1968 from Kansas City to Oakland. Moreover, there is a rivalry between the football teams of the two cities, the Oakland Raiders and the Kansas City Chiefs .

In recent decades, also with the San Francisco Giants developed a strong rivalry due to geographical proximity. The meeting of the two teams is commonly referred to as the “Bay Bridge Series”. The name of the series comes from the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge , which connects the two cities. The teams met in the World Series in 1989 against the Athletics won 4-0, a so-called sweep. Since both teams have a long history and rich pasts, they met before their relocation to the West Coast (the Giants are originally from New York) three times in the World Series each other, of which the two Athletics, the Giants wore them a title.

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