President of the Italian Republic

The President of the Italian Republic ( Italian Presidente della Repubblica Italiana, also briefly Presidente dello Stato) is in accordance with the constitutional head of state of Italy and the symbol of its unity.

According to constitutional rule he takes mainly representative functions true, participates in the formation of the government and is commander in chief of the armed forces . In the constitutional reality it is not uncommon in the Republic of Italy in the second half of the 20 plays a crucial role in the management of government crises, Century were much more frequent than in other European countries. His main power is the dissolution of the parliament (one chamber or both). But he must these in the last six months of his mandate, not exercise, unless they agree with the last six months of its term, in whole or in part the same.

The President is of the two, which meet in joint session of parliament (parlamento in seduta comune, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and Senate ) and elected representatives of the 20 regions: three per region, with the exception of Aosta , which may send only one representative. The election of the President will be held by secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of the Assembly. After the third ballot, an absolute majority is sufficient. Selectable in this post are all Italians who have reached the age of fifty years of age and are in full possession of their civil and political rights. The regular term of office is seven years.

The official residence of the President is located in the Quirinale Palace in Rome . In addition, a villa in it are Castelporziano , near Rome, and the Villa Rosebery in Naples available. All former presidents are at the end of their term of right life senators .

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