U.S. Consulate General in Hamburg

The U.S. Consulate General in Hamburg on Alsterufer 27/28 in the district Rotherbaum at the Alster is among the nearly one hundred consulates and trade missions in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg especially. Current Consul General since October 2010 INMI Kim Patterson. The Consulate General in Hamburg, except represents the other north German states of Lower Saxony , Bremen , Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern . In these states, there are about 20,000 U.S. citizens, including 2,800 in Hamburg (as of 2010).

History of the Consulate

The American consulate in Hamburg on 17 Founded in June 1790 as one of the first U.S. consulates in Germany at all. Deputy Consul was John Parish , a naturalized Hamburg Scottish origin. Three years later was promoted to Consul Parish, but in 1796 he joined back voluntarily. [1]
Alsterufer roadblock outside the consulate

The consulate was from October 1917 to 1922 on the occasion of the participation of the United States in the First World War closed. On 8 July 1941 all American consulates in Germany up to the end of the Second World War closed, and American interests were represented by the Swiss embassy. The Consulate General was established on 1 March 1946 re-opened, and in 1950 the U.S. government purchased the present building on the banks of the Alster, where 15th the Consulate General has been refurbished since its opening on August 1951 is based. A tradition from the beginning to put up a Christmas tree is decorated with colorful lights during the Christmas season on the portico. [2]

After the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 in New York City include the Consulate General of the best guarded places in Hamburg. The road Alsterufer around the building is locked since the terrorist attacks, and the police set up a department which ZD 54 a, to guard the consulate and other diplomatic missions and facilities. Police officers patrol around the clock before the Consulate General.

Since 1790, representing 52 consuls-general or the United States, and the consulate had at this time more than 30 locations in the city of Hamburg (Stand 2012). [3]

History of the building
The villas Michaelsen and Ree, circa 1893

The two villas were originally of Martin Haller [4] in the classical style designed. The left larger house was built in 1882 for the businessman Gustav Michaelsen, 1891, it Wilhelm Anton Riedemann , sold as a pioneer of the tanker industry and one of the founders of the German-American Petroleum Company (later Esso ) is known. The next house was built in 1893 for the businessman Julius Ree, who sold it after its completion at Edward Sanders, the business partner and son of Riedemann. The two buildings were connected by an archway. [5]

From 1934 to 1945, the ensemble was the headquarters of the National Socialists used in Hamburg. The Gauleiter and Reich Governor Karl Kaufmann taught there one the Gau. The villas have been for this purpose by the architect Elingius rebuilt and Schramm and interconnected, with the right small Rée villa was adapted by removing overly picturesque details in the style of French and German Renaissance to the classical style of the Michaelsen-house. [6] [ 4]

After the war, the British occupation authorities confiscated the building. In May 1950, the U.S. government acquired from the heirs of the owner. It was again the architect Schoch and Gundlach [4] and modified by the portico, the White House in Washington inspired adds. The consulate related it on 15 August 1951. After the renovations, the building complex was popularly known as the “Little White House on the Alster”. [7]

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